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Birthstone : the gemstone of the month of birth

Eversince the ancient times, a strong relation was established between someone's month of birth and a precious stone, called therefore “stone of the month of birth” or Birthstone. Aaron's pectoral included 12 precious stones symbolizing the 12 tribes of Israel or the 12 months of the year, but it is from the renaissance that the custom of wearing the stone of someone's month of birth expanded in Europe.

From these times, several new gems have been discovered, such as the Alexandrite and the Tanzanite, and has joined traditional stones. Today birthstones are gemstones: precious stones, semiprecious stones and one of animal origin: the pearl.

The stone of the month of birth in january: the Garnet

pyrope garnetIt is more like it to say “garnets” since the term garnet includes several gems of different colors:

The stone of the month of birth in February: the Amethyst

It is a variety of quartz of a violet color. When the Amethyst is light and of an almost pink color it's called “Rose of France”.

The stones of the month of birth in March: the Aquamarine

It's the blue variety of the Beryl (the green beryl is the emerald, the pink beryl the morganite, the golden beryl the heliodor)

The stone of the month of birth in April: the Diamond

It's the hardest gemstone and one of the most shining. We like it without impurities and completely uncolored, we talk about exceptional white diamonds and without any impurity. There are some very rare diamonds of a natural color: yellow, pink, blue, violet, orange, red... which prices are much higher than of the white diamond.

The stones of the month of birth in may: the Emerald

It's the green variety of the Beryl, one among the 4 precious stones (diamond, ruby, sapphire, emerald). The emerald often contains inclusions called “the garden of the emerald”.

The stones of the month of birth in june: the Alexandrite, the Pearl and the Moonstone

The alexandrite is a variety of chrysoberyl discovered in 1830 in Russia. It carries the name of the Tsar and has the feature of changing color weather it's exposed to the daylight (blue-green) or another source of light such as a lamp (red-violet). Another type is the cat's eye alexandrite.
The moonstone has always been considered as magic because when cut as a cabochon it makes a shimmer effect or a blue reflect like the moon.

The stone of the month of birth in july: the Ruby

The ruby is a red corundum, it's one of the 4 precious stones (diamond, ruby, sapphire, emerald). All other colors of corundum are called sapphire.

The stones of the month in august: the Peridot

It's a green gemstone, long called the emerald of the poor. The peridot is more and more searched by jewelers.

The stone of the month of birth in september: the Sapphire

The sapphire is a corundum like the ruby. The red color is reserved for the ruby, all other colors of corundum are sapphires: blue, yellow, orange (padparatcha), pink, green, violet... colorless.

The stones of the month of birth in october: the Opal and the Tourmaline

The opal is, just like the moonstone and the cat's eye, a magical stone that has always fascinated men... its multicolor brightness called fires makes it an unique gem.

The tourmaline or rather “tourmalines” since the term includes different colored stones. There are tourmalines of different colors but the most rare are called Paraiba: they are neon-blue.

The stones of the month or birth in november: the Citrine and the Topaz

The citrine is a variety of yellow quartz (as the amethyst is a variety of violet quartz)

The topaz is a gem searched in different colors: yellow gold, blue, colorless and the most rare among topazes is the imperial pink topaz

The sones of month or birth in december: the Tanzanite, the Turquoise and the Zircon

The tanzanite is one of the latest discoveries of gemstones... blue colored, it's the most sold blue gemstone after the sapphire.