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>> Group(s) : silicates
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Identified in 1795, its name expresses its high content of titanium.
It has long been known as sphene, which came from the Greek "sphenos" for corner, which described very well the shape of its wedge-shaped crystals.
Brookite, of the same composition, crystallizes in another crystal system : orthorhombic and with an even larger dispersion.
Mineralogists call it titanite but the old name of sphene is most used by gemologists.
There is a chromian variety emerald green.

Exploited sites

Fairly widespread, it is found in the massifs of Lovozero and Khibiny (Kola Peninsula, Russia), in the Austrian, Italian, Swiss and French Alps, in Norway (Arendal and Kragero), Burma, Brazil, the U.S., Mexico, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Pakistan.

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Use in jewelry

Because of its intense fires (higher than the diamond) and its brightness, it is brilliant cut and is very collected. The stones yellow-green have red"lights" (bursts of color).

Daily care and precautions

fragile because of its weak hardness

Looking alike stones

andalusite , axinite , cerussite , chrysoberyl , scheelite , sphalerite , topaz , tourmaline , vesuvianite , zircon

Historical healing properties

Titanite would act on the solar plexus chakra and intervene in all the higher chakras and activate them. It would provoke the desire to succeed, enthusiasm, creative cheerfulness, determination to go forward.

Imitations and treatments

By heat treatment, brown titanite becomes red or orange.

Chemical characteristics

calcium and titanium silicate

Physical characteristics

Main color : yellow

Other colors : brown, red, green

Color of streak : white

Luster : adamantine, resinous

Hardness : 5.0 to 5.5

Density : 3.40 to 3.55

Cleavage : good

Fracture : conchoidal, uneven

Optical properties

Transparency : transparent

Refractive Index : 1.845 - 2.100

Double refraction : 0.100

Very strong biaxial positive

visible double refraction : yes

Dispersion : 0.051 (0.035)

Pleochroism : strong

Number of colors : 3

Colorless, yellow green, reddish

Absorption spectrum : 586 - 582

Fluorescence : none


Flattened, sharp, often with characteristics wedge shaped crystals, also massive


Crystal system : monoclinic

Other informations

Astrological sign : Virgo, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Pisces

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  • Virgo Virgo
  • Scorpio Scorpio
  • Sagittarius Sagittarius
  • Pisces Pisces

It brings dynamism.